Last reviewed 12 May 2022

Legislation to improve fire safety and boost Scotland’s Net Zero ambitions has been laid before the Scottish Parliament.

Since 2005, new cladding systems on high rise blocks of flats in Scotland have either had to use non-combustible materials or pass a large-scale fire test. The building standards legislation removes the option of a fire test, completely prohibiting such materials from use on domestic and other high-risk buildings, such as care homes and hospitals, above 11 metres.

The highest risk metal composite cladding material will be banned from any new building of any height, the Government confirmed, with replacement cladding also required to meet the new standards.

The legislation also includes improvements to energy performance standards, aiming to make buildings easier to heat while ensuring they are well ventilated and comfortable to live in.

Building Standards Minister Patrick Harvie said: “This is the third set of changes made to fire safety standards for cladding in Scotland since the tragic Grenfell Tower Fire, requiring any cladding on domestic or other high risk buildings above 11 metres to be strictly non-combustible. Taken together with our new fire alarms regulations, covering all homes in Scotland regardless of ownership, this is yet another step on the Scottish Government’s mission to minimise the risk of deaths and injuries from fire.”

The Building (Scotland) Amendment Regulations 2022 can be found at https://www.legislation.gov.uk/ssi/2022/136/contents/made.

The changes to requirements on fire safety of cladding systems will be introduced on 1 June 2022, while improvements to energy and environmental standards will apply from 1 October 2022.