Last reviewed 7 June 2022

Fines totalling over £27 million have been issued to 33 companies for breaches of climate change regulations.

The fines relate to several climate change schemes, including the European Union Emissions Trading System, CRC Energy Efficiency Scheme, Energy Savings Opportunity Scheme (ESOS) and Fluorinated Greenhouse Gas regime.

The laws are in place to help ensure the UK reaches its target of net zero emissions by 2050. The Environment Agency is responsible for the enforcement for most climate change regulations.

Announcing the fines, Liz Parkes, Deputy Director for Climate Change at the Environment Agency, said: “These schemes are an important part of the nation’s efforts to reduce emissions and hit net zero by 2050. The fines published today should serve as an important reminder for all organisations to ensure that they are compliant with these schemes and are playing their part in tackling climate change”.

Firms running power plants and energy companies were fined under the EU Emissions Trading System after under-reporting their emissions, while others failed to submit the necessary reports. The EU ETS was replaced by the UK Emissions Trading Scheme (UK ETS) in 2021.

Some firms, including those involved in insurance and the manufacture of machinery have been fined under the Energy Savings Opportunity Scheme (ESOS), for failing to complete audits of the energy used by their business and failing to identify cost-effective energy saving measures.

The UK prides itself as a world leader in the global effort to tackle climate change and was the first major economy to legislate cutting its greenhouse gas emissions to net zero by 2050. The rules are in place to support ambitious climate change targets, to cut emissions by 78% by 2035 compared with 1990 levels and to net zero by 2050.