EU Regulation 428/2009 set up a regime for the control of exports, transfer, brokering and transit of dual-use items from the European Union.

This is updated on a yearly basis with the latest amending Regulation (2019/2199) being published in the Official Journal on 30 December 2019 (available at

This updates the control list (Annex 1) to reflect changes previously agreed in the international export control regimes.

The body responsible for overseeing compliance with these rules in the UK is the Export Control Joint Unit (ECJU), part of the Department for International Trade (DIT), and it has published guidance on the consolidated list of strategic military and dual-use items that require export authorisation.

This can be found at

An export licence is currently required to export any controlled dual-use items from the UK to a country outside the EU. Dual-use items (including software and technology), are those items which can be used for both civil and military purposes.

The term also includes all goods which have non-explosive uses or assist in any way with the manufacture of nuclear weapons or other nuclear explosive devices.

An online checker tool ( is available which exporters can use to find out if their items are controlled and to identify the appropriate control entry.

The Government has said that the overall framework of controls for dual-use exports will not change when the UK leaves the EU, but there will be changes to some licensing requirements.

Last reviewed 10 January 2020