The key American legislation is the Occupational Safety and Health Act 1970 (the Act). This Act is organised into four elements and a number of parts each dealing with a specific topic, eg machine guarding, excavations and hazardous chemicals.

The Act is administered by the Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA). OSHA is authorised to set and enforce workplace health and safety standards.

Employers' Duties

Definition of employer

The term “employer” means a person engaged in a business affecting commerce who has employees, but does not include the USA (not including the US Postal Service), any State or political subdivision of a State.

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