Textiles are defined as flexible materials consisting of a network of natural or man-made fibres. The thirteen chapters in the Harmonised System of tariffs that cover textiles represent almost 5% of total world trade in goods.

UK trade in textiles is a major element of the country's trade in goods. In 2019, the country exported £10 billion and imported £25 billion in textile products, according to HMRC figures. Despite long-term decline, some 60,000 British workers were employed in the manufacture of textiles and textile goods in 2018, and the number employed in the trading of these goods is certainly much greater.

HMRC defines textiles and textile articles as falling into chapters 50–63 inclusive of the tariff.

This topic defines the export and import controls of products that fall within the above definition.

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