In general terms, a risk assessment is a process of evaluating what can affect the health and safety of employees at work. A risk assessment looks at what could go wrong and what is needed to stop it from going wrong and assesses the effectiveness of any control measure in place. Recommendations for extra control measures can then be made on the basis that they are “reasonably practicable”.

This topic looks at the practical approaches to risk assessment, who is at risk, identifying hazards and how to monitor and review the assessment so that it is kept up to date and remains effective. It also looks at risk assessments for potentially vulnerable groups.

The Risk Assessment Tool can be used to create, review and circulate assessments, and to generate action plans with suggested control measures.

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