This topic briefly summarises the certification process applicable to pre-October 2010 passenger vehicles (ie those not subject to the European Whole Vehicle Type Approval Directive). It then provides more detail on the specification and design requirements under which Type Approval is issued for large buses and coaches, and for minibuses; this section should be used in conjunction with the separate topic on Type Approval, which summarises the high-level process for obtaining approval to introduce vehicle types to the market.

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