Summary

The EU is often called a “Single Market” because it treats EU Member States as a single economic area and businesses can trade goods across the EU without paying tariffs. As long as goods shipped between EU Member States are “in free circulation”, customs documents and/or licences are required only if the goods are “controlled”.

In Practice

There are currently 28 EU Member States; they are:

  • Austria

  • Belgium

  • Bulgaria

  • Croatia

  • Cyprus

  • Czech Republic

  • Denmark

  • Estonia

  • Finland

  • France

  • Germany

  • Greece

  • Hungary

  • Ireland

  • Italy

  • Latvia

  • Lithuania

  • Luxembourg

  • Malta

  • Netherlands

  • Poland

  • Portugal

  • Romania

  • Slovakia

  • Slovenia

  • Spain

  • Sweden

  • the UK.

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