The Pollution Prevention and Control (PPC) regime controls pollution from a number of industrial activities in the UK. The UK Pollution Prevention and Control Regulations 2000 were introduced under s.2 of the Pollution Prevention and Control Act 1999, and implemented the European Integrated Pollution Prevention and Control (IPPC) Directive (96/61/EC). The directive has since been replaced with Directive 2008/1/EC on integrated pollution prevention and control which is implemented by the Environmental Permitting (England and Wales) Regulations 2010 (as amended).

PPC has three separate, linked systems of pollution control, which are:

  • the IPPC regime — installations covered by the IPPC Directive and regulated by the Environment Agency (EA)

  • the LA-IPPC regime — installations covered by the Integrated Pollution Prevention and Control Directive and regulated by local authorities (LAs)

  • the LAPPC regime — installations not covered by the IPPC Directive, which are regulated for emissions to air only by LAs.

The PPC regime is not the only legislation prescribing pollution factors. Others, eg those governing drinking water, air quality and water quality, are applicable nationally. International standards have also been established to protect the environment and human health from the effects of chemical pollution.

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