Countries impose restrictions on the entry of foreign goods vehicles and set tariffs and customs duties on the import of certain goods to protect their own economy from foreign competition.
The number of such vehicles and the trips they make are controlled by the necessity for each trip to be authorised by a road haulage permit. These permits may be limited in number and may authorise a single journey or multiple journeys.
Control over imported goods is exercised by the necessity for traders to make customs declarations and for such import to be authorised before the goods will be allowed to land. The customs process may be simplified in some cases by the use of internationally-recognised carnets.
This topic outlines the various carnets, permits and associated documentation required for the international movement of general goods.
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