The courts can apply a wide range of punitive measures for environmental offences, to serve as both a deterrent to future offences and to punish offenders. The levels of fines for most offences tried in a magistrates’ court range up to £5000 for each offence, though fines for offences tried in a Crown Court can be unlimited.

This topic describes the range of penalties and fines that regulatory and enforcement bodies can apply. The purpose of the criminal law is to prevent acts deemed to be antisocial and to punish those who breach those prohibitions. There is a wide range of methods for punishing offenders, including fines, sentences, community orders and confiscation orders.

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