Musculoskeletal disorders (MSDs) can affect the body's muscles, joints, tendons, ligaments, bones and nerves. They can be caused by manual handling tasks and include repetitive strain injury, upper limb disorders and back pain; less commonly they can also affect lower limbs.

This topic describes the type of activities that might lead to MSDs, how to assess the risk of MSD in the workplace, and how to minimise that risk.

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