Health and safety in Mexico covers physical and psychological health. Health and safety regulations are exclusively federal.

The Secretariat of Labour and Social Welfare (Secretaria del Trabajo y Prevision Social) is the federal body responsible for the overall administration of health and safety matters.

The Mexican Institute of Social Security (Instituto Mexicano del Seguro Social) (IMSS) is a governmental body which works in the areas of public health, pensions and social security, operating under the Secretariat of Labour and Social Welfare.

Article 123 of the Constitution of Mexico places the burden upon employers to implement federal laws and legislative guarantees concerning health and safety in the workplace.

The key legislation is the Federal Regulation on Occupational Safety, Hygiene and the Working Environment (Reglamento Federal de seguridad, hygiene y medio ambience de trabajo), adopted in 1997. Its aim is to create necessary measures to prevent accidents and diseases and to ensure safe and healthy working conditions. It sets out an extensive list of basic safety principles and performance standards.

The Federal Labour Law (Ley Federal de Trabajo) also contains health and safety provisions.

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