The main source of health and safety law in Hungary is Act 93 of 1993 on Occupational Safety and Health. This Act is based on EU Council Directive 83/391/EC on the introduction of measures to encourage improvements in the safety and health of workers at work.

There is no central authority equivalent to the Health and Safety Executive, but the Labour Inspectorate is the main body responsible for monitoring and enforcing compliance with health and safety legislation.

A mandatory occupational accident and illness insurance scheme forms part of the public social insurance system.

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