For home care services, service users are either self-funding, funded entirely by their local authorities (LAs) or part-funded by LAs. The Care Act 2014, which has been in force since April 2015, changed how LAs assess needs and offer financial support to people who need care and support, but have limited means.
Since devolution, the different countries of the UK have developed their own funding and charging arrangements for care services. Wales has a similar, though not identical approach to England, following the implementation of the Social Services and Well-being Act (Wales) 2014, which came into force in April 2016.
In England and Wales, LAs are required to make their assessments against respective national eligibility criteria. People who are assessed as having care and support needs against the eligibility criteria will then be assessed further to decide if they are eligible for care funding.
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