There are different principles and techniques by which transport resources can be better deployed to save travel distance, time and fuel costs: these include load planning, vehicle routing and scheduling systems, 24-hour operation, choice of vehicle type and unit load device on transport economy, back haulage and return loads, intermodal operations and management of the fleet.

Effective fleet management is an important prerequisite to running an energy-effective fleet. Vehicle choice is important as is the careful monitoring of fuel consumption, and vehicle operating and maintenance costs.

This topic outlines what can be done to manage and control this major operational cost.

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