The design and layout of a building, in conjunction with the materials used and style of construction, play a key role in preventing the spread of flames and smoke and in allowing the safe evacuation of people from the premises in the event of a fire.

Architects, designers, building contractors, developers and the owners of buildings are responsible for ensuring that suitable designs, building techniques and materials are used. The registered managers of care homes and those responsible for domiciliary care offices should ensure that compliance with appropriate design standards and guidance is included in fire risk assessments.

This topic covers the buildings design aspects of fire safety. Fire risk assessments and fire safety procedures, policies and arrangements are covered in the Fire Safety Procedures topic.

Fire extinguishers, alarms, detectors, lighting, signage and automatic suppression systems are covered in the Fire Extinguishers, Detection and Alarm Systems topic.

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