The design and layout of a building, in conjunction with the materials used and style of construction, play a key role in preventing the spread of flames and smoke and in allowing the safe evacuation of people from the premises in the event of a fire.

Architects, designers, building contractors, developers and the owners of buildings are responsible for ensuring that suitable designs, building techniques and materials are used. Those responsible for general practice buildings should ensure that compliance with appropriate design standards and guidance is included in fire risk assessments.

This topic covers the buildings design aspects of fire safety. Fire risk assessments and fire safety procedures, policies and arrangements are covered in the Fire Safety topic.

Fire extinguishers, alarms, detectors, lighting, signage and automatic suppression systems are covered in the Fire Extinguishers, Detection and Alarm Systems topic.

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