Modern fire safety legislation applies to virtually all premises and covers nearly every type of building, structure and open space.

It does not apply to people’s private homes, including individual flats in a block or house, but does apply to common areas where there are two or more sets of domestic premises.

The Regulatory Reform (Fire Safety) Order 2005 (RRO) is at the heart of fire safety in the workplace in England and Wales.

In Scotland, the Fire (Scotland) Act 2005 and Fire Safety (Scotland) Regulations 2006 (as amended) make similar requirements, as do the Fire and Rescue Services (Northern Ireland) Order 2006 and Fire Safety Regulations (Northern Ireland) 2010 in Northern Ireland.

Following the Grenfell Tower fire and subsequent inquiry, significant change is taking place, including new regulatory requirements and amendments to legislation, particularly as it applies to domestic premises.

In addition to the above, there are numerous pieces of legislation that have implied and specific requirements in relation to fire safety, as this topic describes.

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