The Ministry of Labour is responsible for labour and employment issues.

Labour inspections are the responsibility of the Department of Labour Inspection, Prevention and Safety (DLIPS) under the Labour Relations Authority of the Ministry of Labour.

The National Social Security Fund (NSSF) carries out inspection services to verify social security contributions.

Law that covers organisation and functional composition:

  • Lebanese Labour Law of 1946 and its amendments, in particular 1962

  • Decree No. 3273 of 26 June 2000 on labour inspection

  • Decree No. 112 of 12 June 1959 regarding status of public officials

  • Order No. 161/1 of 18 February 1999 concerning the re-evaluation of transport indemnities

  • Decree No. 128/ 2 of 17 February 2001 relating to the elaboration of inspection programmes.

Lebanese Labour Law is applicable to all employees and employers except for domestic and agricultural workers, enterprises limited to family members and public servants.

The Department of Labour Inspection, Prevention and Safety supervises the implementation of all laws, regulations, decrees and rules pertaining to the terms and conditions of employment, and the protection of workers in the workplace, including the provisions of international Labour Conventions approvals. Labour inspectors ensure the supervision of compliance with regulations in relation to conditions of employment and protection of workers including occupational health and safety. In addition, they monitor whether the trade unions and occupational associations comply with relevant laws, monitor compliance with protection and safety measures in family enterprises and the work of private employment agencies.

Under their functions they also investigate collective labour disputes. They are also involved in conciliation and the control of work permits for foreign workers.

Among the labour inspectors, some of them are generic who oversee inspecting conditions and others are occupational health and safety inspectors.

The Department of Labour Inspection, Prevention and Safety is the central authority of labour inspection, but from the legal and practical points of view, all labour inspection activities are decentralised in the provinces. The Department of Labour Inspection, Prevention and Safety acts as a regional department in charge of labour inspection activities within the capital and the other regional departments independent of it.

The inspection activities in the country do not follow any clear policy or strategy and there is an absence of collaboration among the different concerned institutions. The regional inspection activities are not under the supervision or control of a central authority of labour inspection. Inspection visits are carried out according to an annual labour inspection programme, and monthly work report with results on labour inspection activities have to be prepared. However, the labour inspection activities are not planned at the national level.

There is no co-ordination between the National Social Security Fund and the Ministry of Labour.

The objectives of the Ministry of Labour is to reform the labour law to comply with the international standards and conventions, including the provisions related to labour inspection and to expand the labour and occupational safety and health inspection and services to ensure the compliance of the enterprises in the private sector with the labour legislations.

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