Summary

Employment relationships and conditions in France are extensively regulated by legislation, mainly in the form of the Labour Code (Code du Travail). The Code contains almost all statutory provisions related to individual and collective employment matters and is continuously added to and amended as new laws, regulations and decrees are adopted. Case law interprets the Labour Code.

The Social Security Code (Code de la Sécurité Sociale) deals with matters such as benefits for employees on sickness, maternity or paternity leave. The Penal Code (Code pénal) is relevant in some areas, such as non-discrimination, and health and safety.

Collective agreements are another key source of French employment regulation. Industry-level collective agreements exist in most sectors and cover the great majority of employees (they are often made binding on all employers and employees in a sector by the Government). Company-level collective agreements are negotiated mainly in larger companies.

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