When someone brings a child or young person to the local authority’s (LA’s) attention as potentially having special educational needs or a disability, the LA is responsible for deciding whether an education, health and care (EHC) needs assessment is necessary. In making this assessment, the LA will take into account evidence from a number of different contributors and may decide that an EHC plan is necessary.

EHC plans are integrated support plans for children and young people aged between 0 and 25 years of age. Parents or the young person themselves can request a personal budget to support the outcomes identified in it. The EHC plan must be reviewed annually and there is opportunity for re-assessment and amendments to be made in some circumstances.

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