Ergonomics can best be described as the “human factors” that affect how people “fit” with tasks they do, such as body size, posture and mental ability.

By considering ergonomic factors when designing the workplace, plant and equipment, employers can ensure they design safe, effective and more productive work systems. The latter point is key — while occupational health and safety is the highest priority, it should always remembered that ergonomic design will often lead to more productivity.

As this topic explains, an analysis of ergonomics is most often applied during display screen workstation assessments, during manual handling operations, and in equipment design. However, the science of ergonomics can apply to almost all areas of working life; see Principles of Ergonomics.

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