Certain vehicle exhaust emissions have an adverse effect on air quality and can affect people’s health, particularly that of babies, young children and the elderly. Such emissions may also be responsible for early death, especially for those who suffer severe respiratory ailments or heart disease. This is why stringent legislation is now in force to limit and control exhaust emissions levels for motor vehicles.

Drivers of vehicles and their employers have a general duty to maintain vehicles in good mechanical condition so they do not emit smoke, excessive noxious fumes or preventable noise.

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