A standard contract of carriage for goods moving internationally by road has been established by a United Nations Convention. It was formulated by the United Nations Economic Commission for Europe (UNECE) and made in Geneva on 19 May 1956.

This contract is known as CMR, being derived from the French title convention relative au contrat de transport international de marchandises par route.

The convention standardises the terms for the contract of carriage, the carriers’ liability and the form of documentation to be used.

The convention entered into force in the UK on 19 October 1967 and was given the force of law by the Carriage of Goods by Road Act 1965.

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