The construction standards of vehicles used in the UK are now largely governed by EU and ECE regulations for type approval but these requirements are also incorporated into various UK legislation. Certain aspects applicable to older vehicles are not subject to the current type-approval requirements and are covered exclusively by UK legislation, as are conditions of use.

This topic covers the main provisions of the Construction and Use Regulations 1986 as they apply to passenger carrying vehicles (PCVs), together with the relevant EU legislation.


Passenger vehicle braking systems and seat belt requirements are covered in detail in separate topics.

Definition of Motor Car and Heavy Motor Car -

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