The term “biodiversity” describes the variety of life on Earth and the genetic variation within species.
Biodiversity is threatened by habitat destruction and degradation, pollution, population growth, natural resource pressures, climate change and introduced species. The loss of biodiversity affects food supplies, ecological functions and services, opportunities for tourism and recreation, sources of medicines and energy.
The Convention on Biological Diversity (CBD), signed by 150 government leaders at the 1992 Rio Earth Summit, is dedicated to promoting sustainable development and is the main legal framework for biodiversity conservation. International Conventions and Directives
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