Belgium is known for its elaborate social dialogue system, which has made a significant contribution to the improvement of working conditions.

The main legislation dealing with occupational health and safety in Belgium is the Act of 1996 on the wellbeing of workers in the performance of their work.

Employers' Duties

Employers must apply the following general principles of prevention as follows.

  • Avoiding risks.

  • Evaluating risks which cannot be avoided.

  • Combatting risks at source.

  • Replacing the dangerous with the non-dangerous or the less dangerous.

  • Giving collective protective measures priority over individual protective measures.

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