An accident is an event that is unplanned, unintended and unexpected, or an unforeseen or unintended exposure to risk. This may either be a risk that has not been identified or a risk that has been identified but not adequately controlled.

Accidents at work should be reported, recorded and properly investigated. The purpose of accident investigation is to try to establish the root cause and ensure that accidents do not happen again.

As well as internal accident reporting, employers also have duties under the Reporting of Injuries, Diseases and Dangerous Occurrences Regulations 2013 (RIDDOR).

This topic explains the RIDDOR reporting procedures. Advice on what to do when reporting a death or major injury, including reporting over-seven-day injuries, is given. A detailed section on accident investigation is also included. Responding to emergencies is also covered in the Crisis Management Planning topic.

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