Investigation of workplace accidents and incidents is an essential part of the proactive management of health and safety. Analysis of and accurate information about previous accidents and near misses helps in the development of improvement objectives to prevent them recurring. Health and Safety Executive inspectors (or local authority Environmental Health Officers, depending on jurisdiction) may also carry out an investigation of an accident within their enforcement powers.

This topic discusses what should be investigated and how an investigation should be carried out, and by whom. It also delves into causation and the necessary training required to ensure those investigating are competent to do so.

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