A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z

A-weighted

See .

Abatement

With regard to health, safety and environmental law, abatement is the termination, removal or destruction of a nuisance.

Abatement

With regard to health, safety and environmental law, abatement is the termination, removal or destruction of a nuisance.

Abrasion

In occupational health, abrasion is the wearing away of any surface material, such as skin or mucous membrane, etc through rubbing or scraping.

Absolute duty

Absolute duty effectively means that something must be done.

Absolute duty

Absolute duty effectively means that something must be done.

Absolute liability

See and .

Absorption

In occupational health terms, one of the routes of entry into a body, especially through broken or unbroken skin.

Access and egress

The means of entry to (access) and means of exit from (egress) a building or work area, etc.

Access and egress

The means of entry to (access) and means of exit from (egress) a building or work area, etc.

Access Control

Access control is the use of manpower and procedures, as well as electrical and mechanical components, to regulate entry into specified premises. An access control system is one which allows authorised people to enter a given area and denies access to unauthorised people.

Access equipment

Access equipment refers to equipment such as ladders, stepladders, trestles, scaffolds, tower scaffolds, suspended access systems (eg cradles and chairs) and work platforms.

Access equipment

Access equipment refers to equipment such as ladders, stepladders, trestles, scaffolds, tower scaffolds, suspended access systems (eg cradles and chairs) and work platforms.

Accessory for lifting

A term meaning “lifting tackle”, introduced by the Lifting Operations and Lifting Equipment Regulations 1998 (LOLER).

Accessory for lifting

A term meaning “lifting tackle”, introduced by the Lifting Operations and Lifting Equipment Regulations 1998 (LOLER).

Accident

An accident is any unintended and unexpected occurrence, which produces hurt, damage or loss.

Accident

An accident is any unintended and unexpected occurrence, which produces hurt, damage or loss.

Accident book

A written record of accidents for premises which come under the Factories Act 1961, or for companies with 10 or more employees, which meets with the requirements of the Social Security (Claims and Payments) Regulations 1979 (SSCPR).

Accident book

A written record of accidents for premises which come under the Factories Act 1961, or for companies with 10 or more employees, which meets with the requirements of the Social Security (Claims and Payments) Regulations 1979 (SSCPR).

Accident causation

A term used to describe the process leading to an incident, which may or may not have resulted in an injury, damage or loss.

Accident causation

A term used to describe the process leading to an incident, which may or may not have resulted in an injury, damage or loss.

Accident costs

Many employers may not realise the extent of injury and ill health arising from work activities. Cost of accidents can be sub-divided into insured and uninsured costs.

Accident costs

Many employers may not realise the extent of injury and ill health arising from work activities. Cost of accidents can be sub-divided into insured and uninsured costs.

Accident investigation

The means to establish how a reoccurrence of an accident can be prevented and of learning how to improve accident prevention within an organisation by investigating root causes.

Accident investigation

The means to establish how a reoccurrence of an accident can be prevented and of learning how to improve accident prevention within an organisation by investigating root causes.

Accident prevention

The prevention of accidents before they have chance to occur.

Accident prevention

The prevention of accidents before they have chance to occur.

Accident records

There is a legal requirement to record accidents in the accident book (BI 510 or an approved book) and a legal duty to record accidents that are reportable under the Reporting of Injuries, Diseases and Dangerous Occurrences Regulations 1995 (RIDDOR).

Accident records

There is a legal requirement to record accidents in the accident book (BI 510 or an approved book) and a legal duty to record accidents that are reportable under the Reporting of Injuries, Diseases and Dangerous Occurrences Regulations 1995 (RIDDOR).

Accident reporting

All accidents at work should be reported and recorded in the accident book (BI 510 or an approved book). In addition, there is a duty under the Reporting of Injuries, Diseases and Dangerous Occurrences Regulations 1995 (RIDDOR) to report injuries, diseases and dangerous occurrences to the HSE or local authority.

Accident reporting

All accidents at work should be reported and recorded in the accident book (BI 510 or an approved book). In addition, there is a duty under the Reporting of Injuries, Diseases and Dangerous Occurrences Regulations 1995 (RIDDOR) to report injuries, diseases and dangerous occurrences to the HSE or local authority.

Accident statistics

Numerical data, organised and presented to show what is significant, are an essential tool in the prevention of accidents as part of effective health and safety management.

Accident statistics

Numerical data, organised and presented to show what is significant, are an essential tool in the prevention of accidents as part of effective health and safety management.

ACDP

See .

ACOP

See Approved Code of Practice.

ACOP

See .

Acoustic trauma

A change in hearing threshold, sometimes referred to as acute acoustic trauma, brought on by a single, relatively intense noise exposure.

Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome (AIDS)

A disease caused by a retrovirus called T-lymphotropic virus type III (HTLV-III). It is spread through sexual contact, contact with body fluids of an infected individual, the use of unclean needles and through (infected) blood transfusions and is found throughout the world.

Act (of Parliament)

A statute or document drawn up by legislators and involving discussion with many professionals.

Action levels

Established levels or measurements, eg of sound or concentration of dust, at which point certain actions must be taken or carried out.

Action levels

Established levels or measurements, eg of sound or concentration of dust, at which point certain actions must be taken or carried out.

Acute

In occupational health terms, meaning sudden, severe and of short duration. Opposite of chronic.

Acute exposure

Short-term exposure to a hazardous substance.

Acute health effect

A reaction within a short period following a single exposure to a toxin or micro-organism. The acute health effect can be contrasted with the chronic health effect.

Acute toxicity

Relates to the acute effects to some part of the body (eg skin or liver) resulting from a single dose of, or exposure to, a poisonous substance.

Adequate and suitable

In health and safety terms, suitable and sufficient for the purpose, eg to enable employees, so far as is reasonably practicable, to identify and avoid a particular risk to their health and safety.

Adequate and suitable

In health and safety terms, suitable and sufficient for the purpose, eg to enable employees, so far as is reasonably practicable, to identify and avoid a particular risk to their health and safety.

ADR

An abbreviation for the Annexes to the European Agreement concerning the International Carriage of Dangerous Goods by Road, as amended.

Advisory Committee on Dangerous Pathogens (ACDP)

This committee advises the Health and Safety Executive, and ministers for the Department of Health and the Department for Environment, Food and Rural Affairs (Defra), and their counterparts under devolution in Scotland, Wales and Northern on all aspects of hazards and risks to workers and others from exposure to pathogens. The ACDP produces guidance on a range of dangerous pathogens-related subjects.

AIDS

See .

Air pollution

Toxic gases or particulate matter, released into the atmosphere, and with the potential to cause harm. Air pollution is typically a result of human activity.

Air pollution control (APC)

A regime for air pollution, originally made under the Environmental Protection Act 1990 and now applied through the Environmental Permitting (England and Wales) Regulations 2007.

Air quality standards

Concentrations of specific pollutants over a given time period that are considered to be acceptable in the light of what is scientifically known about the effects of each pollutant on health and on the environment.

Air sampling

A measurement technique which establishes air quality and levels of contaminant. The techniques used include direct monitoring, dust sampling, and grab sampling, humidity monitoring, personal sampling and static sampling.

Air-conditioning system

An air-conditioning system is a form of mechanical ventilation that serves to filter, purify and recirculate air within a building. This helps to eliminate stale air, fumes and other contaminants.

Alternative energy

Energy created from sources that are not typically used, and usually environmentally benign. Alternative energy sources include solar-voltaic, solar-water heating, wave power and wind energy. Alternative energy sources do not use fossil fuels.

Alternative energy

Energy created from sources that are not typically used, and usually environmentally benign. Alternative energy sources include solar-voltaic, solar-water heating, wave power and wind energy. Alternative energy sources do not use fossil fuels.

Alveoli

Minute sacks in the lung, arranged similarly to bunches of grapes, where the exchange of oxygen and carbon dioxide takes place. Through the walls of the sacks carbon dioxide leaves the blood and the blood takes on oxygen.

Amphibole

Any of a group of complex silicate minerals with crystal-like structures that contain calcium, sodium, magnesium, aluminium and iron ions or a combination of them. Asbestos is an example of such a mineral.

Anthrax

An acute infective notifiable disease caused by the anthrax bacillus, communicated from animals (alive or dead) to human beings.

Anthropometrics

The measurement and recording of the size and proportions of the human body.

Anthropometrics

The measurement and recording of the size and proportions of the human body.

Anti-Pollution Works Regulations 1999

These regulations for England and Wales, together with similar laws for Scotland and Northern Ireland, were introduced under the Water Resources Act 1991 (WRA), and give national regulators the power to issue a works notice to the person responsible for a site or premises threatening to pollute the water environment and to take preventative action.

Antigenic substances

Substances which are commonly linked to increased sensitivity in asthmatics, eg pollen and dust-mite faeces.

Antigenic substances

Substances which are commonly linked to increased sensitivity in asthmatics, eg pollen and dust-mite faeces.

Appeal

A proceeding by which the decision of an inspector, a lower court or a tribunal is challenged in a higher court by one or any of the parties.

Appointed person

A person regarded as competent, in respect of his or her qualifications and experience, to carry out the duty for which they are appointed — eg an appointed doctor would be a fully registered medical practitioner appointed by written certificate of the chief employment medical advisor.

Approved Code of Practice (ACOP)

Documents approved by the Health and Safety Executive (HSE) which give practical advice on how to comply with the law.

Approved List

Lists which have been approved by the HSE.

Approved List of biological agents

Published by the Advisory Committee on Dangerous Pathogens (ACDP), this list classifies biological agents (bacteria, viruses, parasites, fungi and prions) into hazard groups.

Approved Supply List

Provides information approved for the classification and labelling of substances and preparations dangerous for supply as required by the Chemicals (Hazard Information and Packaging for Supply) Regulations 2002 (CHIP) (as amended).

Approved workplace exposure limits list

A legally binding list of workplace exposure limits (WELs), published as EH40 Workplace Exposure Limits by the HSE and updated at intervals.

Area of outstanding natural beauty

An area of countryside outside a national park which Natural England has identified as having a landscape where it is desirable that special controls should apply, as amended by the Environmental Protection Act 1990 and replaced by the Countryside and Rights of Way Act 2000, which came into force on 1 April 2001.

Arising out of and in the course of insured employment

A requirement that must be satisfied by a claimant in order to obtain industrially-based benefit.

Arsine

A highly dangerous gas generated suddenly and without irritant warning when metal ores or metals such as zinc (or lead or cadmium) containing impurities of arsenic come into contact with acid.

Articles, for use at work

Any plant designed for use or operation “by persons at work and any article designed for use as a component in any such plant” (Health and Safety at Work, etc Act s.53(1)).

Articles, for use at work

Any plant designed for use or operation “by persons at work and any article designed for use as a component in any such plant” (Health and Safety at Work, etc Act s.53(1)).

Asbestos

A natural mineral comprised of silicate fibre, differentiated as serpentine or amphibole.

Asbestos

A natural mineral comprised of silicate fibre, differentiated as serpentine or amphibole.

Asbestos (Prohibitions) (Amendment) Regulations 1999

Revoked and replaced by the Control of Asbestos Regulations 2006.

Asbestos (Prohibitions) (Amendment) Regulations 1999

Revoked and replaced by the Control of Asbestos Regulations 2006.

Asbestos area

An area where any employee would be liable to be exposed to asbestos and which is subject to regulations of the Control of Asbestos Regulations 2006.

Asbestos area

An area where any employee would be liable to be exposed to asbestos and which is subject to regulations of the Control of Asbestos Regulations 2006.

Asbestos disposal

See .

Asbestos disposal

See Disposal of hazardous waste.

Asbestos Products (Safety) Regulations 1985

As amended in 1987, these regulations identify the labels that must be affixed to products containing asbestos and prohibit the supply of products containing crocidolite or amosite.

Asbestos Products (Safety) Regulations 1985

As amended in 1987, these regulations identify the labels that must be affixed to products containing asbestos and prohibit the supply of products containing crocidolite or amosite.

Asbestosis

A chronic lung inflammation caused by inhalation of asbestos fibres.

Asbestosis

A chronic lung inflammation caused by inhalation of asbestos fibres.

Assaults (on employees/staff)

See .

Assessment

A legal duty placed on all employers which means, in health, safety and environmental terms, the measurement and evaluation of, for example, a risk by a competent person including consideration of what action is required and of the possible consequences of failing to take action.

Assessment

A legal duty placed on all employers which means, in health, safety and environmental terms, the measurement and evaluation of, for example, a risk by a competent person including consideration of what action is required and of the possible consequences of failing to take action.

Asthma (occupational or industrial)

A multi-factorial pulmonary disease, triggered by exposure to and/or contact with a sensitising agent found in the workplace.

At work

Work carried out in “the course of employment” (Health and Safety at Work, etc Act 1974).

At work

Work carried out in “the course of employment” (Health and Safety at Work, etc Act 1974).

Audible sound

Sound between the frequencies of 20–20,000 hertz that can be heard by persons with normal hearing.

Audiometry

The measurement of the acuity (sharpness, perception) of hearing at various frequencies of sound waves.

Audit

A safety audit subjects each area of a company's activity to a systematic critical examination, with the object of minimizing loss. Every component of the total system is included.