A B C D E F G H I K L M N O P R S T V W

Abatement notice

This is a notice served by a local authority under s.80 of the Environmental Protection Act 1990 where the local authority is satisfied that a statutory nuisance exists. The notice will require the statutory nuisance to be abated, or will prohibit its recurrence. It may also require works to be executed to abate the nuisance. Failure to comply with the notice is a criminal offence although there is a right of appeal to the Magistrates' Court.

Air pollution

Toxic gases or particulate matter, released into the atmosphere, and with the potential to cause harm. Air pollution is typically a result of human activity.

Air pollution control (APC)

A regime for air pollution, originally made under the Environmental Protection Act 1990 and now applied through the Environmental Permitting (England and Wales) Regulations 2007.

Air quality standards

Concentrations of specific pollutants over a given time period that are considered to be acceptable in the light of what is scientifically known about the effects of each pollutant on health and on the environment.

Air sampling

A measurement technique which establishes air quality and levels of contaminant. The techniques used include direct monitoring, dust sampling, and grab sampling, humidity monitoring, personal sampling and static sampling.

Alternative energy

Energy created from sources that are not typically used, and usually environmentally benign. Alternative energy sources include solar-voltaic, solar-water heating, wave power and wind energy. Alternative energy sources do not use fossil fuels.

Authorisation

This generally refers to an authorisation granted under Part I of the Environmental Protection Act 1990 (ie Integrated Pollution Control (IPC) or Local Air Pollution Control (LAPC)) and the Radioactive Substances Act 1993. Authorisations are granted by the relevant regulatory body, either the Environment Agency or a local authority.