Introduction

Summary

Republic bordering on Norway and Sweden in the north-west and Russia on the whole of the eastern frontier; coastline on the Gulf of Bothnia and the Gulf of Finland. Member of the European Union (EU) and the European Economic Area (EEA). One of the OECD countries.

Cities

Capital: Helsinki

Principal Ports

Hamina, Helsinki, Kokkola, Kotka, Loviisa, Naantali, Oulu, Pori, Rauma, Turku, Uusikaupunki, Vaasa, Varkaus.

Population

5.5 million

International Country Code

FI

Language(s)

Finnish (official), Swedish, small Lapp and Russian-speaking minorities.

Religion

Christian, mostly Evangelical Lutheran

Literacy Rate

100%

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